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Local Payment Methods in Singapore: How PayNow Works in an International Payment Gateway
In Singapore, the current online payment trends for the island nation predict a significant increase in the use of digital wallets as a payment method, potentially overtaking card payments as the dominant payment method of choice by 2024. With the government implementing initiatives to build up a robust infrastructure for cashless payments, this prediction may come to pass. One of the payment methods that have risen in popularity in Singapore is the QR code payment via the unified Singapore Quick Response Code (SGQR) which has enabled the swift adoption of QR payments across the nation¹. Among these payment platforms borne from this initiative is PayNow, which also offers QR payments with PayNow QR².
What exactly is PayNow and how does it work in an international gateway?
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What is PayNow?
According to the Association of Banks in Singapore (ABS), Paynow is a near-instant real-time payment system that facilitates both inter-bank peer-to-peer (P2P) and person-to-merchant transactions³. It is regulated by the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) and is supported by all major banks in Singapore and a few non-financial institutions³. Most transactions made with PayNow utilise SGQR-based QR code payments though most P2P funds transfers can also be conducted via virtual payment addresses (VPA) such as a user’s phone number, national ID number, or UEN.
User Trends in PayNow
PayNow being part of the Singaporean government’s initiative to create a robust cashless infrastructure means that trends regarding its adoption rate will be overwhelmingly positive. Indeed, this is reflected in the volume and value growth of PayNow transactions between 2018 and 2021 whereby they experienced roughly 380% and 641% rise in transaction volume and value respectively⁴. However, both also saw a slight dip between 2020 and 2021, peaking in the latter and dropping in the former though this is presumably due to the gradual easing of Covid-19 lockdowns allowing consumers to rely less on online shopping⁵.
However, this does not mean that user growth is dwindling. If anything, it is expected to soar even higher as indicated by the Straits Times when they reported that PayNow transactions alone had blown through the SGD20 billion mark last year⁷. Most users of PayNow, consumer and merchant alike, tend to vary from young adult to senior citizens, and typically have easy access to the internet. Normally, the older generation would find it harder to adapt to these financial changes but Singapore’s small population size combined with its tiny landmass makes the government’s efforts to have high penetration and adoption across the board easier.
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Benefits and Drawbacks of using PayNow for Online Payment Gateways
No payment system is perfect and PayNow is not an exception to that rule. Here are the benefits and drawbacks to using PayNow:
- Real-time Payment Processing: Transactions are processed in real-time near-instantaneously, taking anywhere from a few seconds to a minute to complete.
- Seamless Payment Experience: PayNow’s sophisticated network of participating banks and NFIs allow users to make payments regardless of the bank they happen to use. Their QR code payments and VPA-based funds transfer also grants users to make payments wherever they are so long as they have a smart device and an internet connection.
- Security: All PayNow transactions are regulated by MAS and apply the same high security standards used by the Singaporean banking industry for funds transfers such as FAST and GIRO⁸.
- Device-dependent: PayNow being a software-based technology that requires an internet connection means that users that do not have smart devices cannot use it. Its dependency on the internet also means that payments cannot be made in the event of a sudden loss of connection to the internet.
- Safety and Privacy Concerns: Since PayNow’s VPAs include one’s phone number, NRIC/FIN, and UEN, it makes it easier for malicious actors to commit fraud and scams if they manage to successfully phish even one of those details from a user or steal their smart device since PayNow’s security does not account for user verification under the assumption that the device holder and/or user of the VPA is legitimate.
- Difficult Dispute Process: Disputing an erroneous funds transfer requires one to first contact the funds recipient if possible. If the recipient is unavailable or uncooperative, they must then contact their financial institution, which itself is a hassle.
How PayNow Works in a Cross Border Payment Gateway
When conducting transactions with PayNow, one may realise that it is not possible to directly make international transactions with it. This is because PayNow only works between Singaporean bank accounts due to its nature as an inter-bank system, with the exception of the PayNow-PromptPay corridor for P2P transactions between Singapore and Thailand. However, one can easily circumvent this problem by making use of a third party provider, like Tazapay, since the third party provider acts as a payment provider for the international payment gateway.
Using Tazapay as an example, how PayNow would work in an international payment gateway begins with transferring funds via PayNow into Tazapay’s Singaporean account.
This is done by scanning the QR code that leads to the user paying the checkout amount within the PayNow app.
The funds are then moved into one of Tazapay’s numerous international accounts before being disbursed to the foreign seller’s bank account.
What are the Fees Required in Using PayNow? Does it Differ for International Transactions?
At the time of writing, local PayNow transactions are charged at SGD0.50 per outgoing transaction via most major Singapore-based banks, and fees to receive Singaporean payments via PayNow are waived until 2025.
However, when making international transactions via third party payment providers, the usual costs of using such providers apply, including setup fees if any. For instance, Tazapay charges 1.8% for all local payment methods that aren't card-based. This is a much lower rate than card transaction fees, which can range from 3% to 5%, not accounting for FX conversion costs as well.
Some payment providers, like Tazapay, make the integration process as hassle-free as possible by being the 3rd party that processes payments on behalf of the seller, therefore making them ideal for any business wishing to integrate a payment platform into their own payment system.
Now that you are better educated on PayNow, you may now look forward to your own efforts in localising into Singapore. However, if you’re on the lookout for any reliable third party payment providers that have PayNow as a payment method, why not give Tazapay a go? Localising your business with Tazapay would leave you spoiled for choice as it offers a selection of over 84 localised markets to choose from. Try Tazapay today!
- E-Commerce Payment Trends in Southeast Asia | Fintech Singapore (fintechnews.sg)
- PayNow Singapore (abs.org.sg)
- Singapore: PayNow transactions volume 2021 | Statista
- Singapore: PayNow transactions value 2021 | Statista
- Real-Time Digital Payments Volume Surges 48% in Singapore | Fintech Singapore (fintechnews.sg)
- PayNow transactions doubled to $22 billion in 2020, on track to set higher record this year | The Straits Times
- annex-a_information-about-paynow.pdf (mof.gov.sg)
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